Difference Between Bitcoin and Ethereum

Miners receive bitcoins as a reward for their work at a rate that reduces by half every four years in a process known as “halving”. The information contained in this document should not be relied upon by investors or any other persons to make financial decisions. It is gathered from various sources and should not be construed as guidance.

difference between bitcoin and ethereum

These events have exposed the fragility and centralization of the Ethereum network. For these reasons, Bitcoin’s blockchain is designed to grow at a slow, limited pace, and all changes are backwards compatible. Ensuring that any user can participate in the network using inexpensive hardware is a top priority for Bitcoin developers. Decentralization is a critical feature of Bitcoin, and is necessary for its continued success and integrity. Bitcoin must be decentralized on several levels in order to maintain security, censorship-resistance, and its open, transparent monetary policy.

What Is Ethereum?

Anderson is CPA, doctor of accounting, and an accounting and finance professor who has been working in the accounting and finance industries Ethereum vs Bitcoin for more than 20 years. Her expertise covers a wide range of accounting, corporate finance, taxes, lending, and personal finance areas.

difference between bitcoin and ethereum

Market capitalization, or market cap, is a metric used to assess how popular or valuable a cryptocurrency is on the crypto market. You can calculate a cryptocurrency’s market cap by multiplying the price of one coin by the number of total coins in global circulation. Let’s explore the differences between both cryptocurrencies in detail. Blockchain technology is being used to create applications that go beyond just enabling a digital currency.


The miners that record the most information will receive the corresponding amount of rewards. Ethereum used to utilize proof of work for mining, but it switched to proof of stake. Proof of stake grants more mining power to users with larger holdings. In Bitcoin, miners can validate transactions with the method known as proof of work. With proof of work, miners around the world try to solve a complicated mathematical puzzle to be the first one to add a block to the blockchain.

difference between bitcoin and ethereum

Ethereum and Bitcoin are the two most talked about cryptocurrencies in the media. They have both played a major role in the industry, drawing in the most trading volume on the crypto market. However, they operate differently from one another and were created with different purposes. In this brief guide, we’ll take a closer look at the differences and similarities between the two currencies.

How do Bitcoin and Ethereum Differ?

Bitcoin uses a proof-of-work technique and a blockchain to solve the Byzantine Generals Problem. The challenge is solved by the many miners, each of whom serves as a general. Each node makes an effort to verify transactions that are identical to general communications. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency to be released that is decentralised and not controlled by a central body.

difference between bitcoin and ethereum

Bitcoin is the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, Ethereum is the second largest. As of late August 2021, Ethereum was valued at $3,200 with a market cap of around $385 billion—making it the world’s second-largest cryptocurrency. In fact, it’s four times larger than the third-largest cryptocurrency. Similar to Bitcoin, Ethereum has also seen a strong rise in its value, consistently remaining above the $2,000 mark since April 2021. Computers or nodes that run the Bitcoin network will process transactions and collect new tokens in exchange for their work.However, rewards only go to one of the nodes running the Bitcoin network. The miners with more powerful rigs have a significantly higher chance of receiving rewards.

How to Explain Ethereum

The original crypto is down by more than 50% since the start of the year, and has only recently rallied from its June low of $17,708. That said, Bitcoin and Ethereum are up by more than 750% and 630%, respectively, over the last five years. Proof-of-work systems like Bitcoin have https://xcritical.com/ also drawn criticism for the amount of energy expended by the computer hardware involved. According to the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance, Bitcoin’s electricity consumption exceeds Norway’s annual electricity consumption, at an annualized rate of 127 terawatt-hours .

  • Bitcoin and Ethereum are both decentralized projects that work on traceable blockchains.
  • Ethereum was established in 2015 and is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts.
  • These dApps have similar characteristics as bitcoin, as they’re trustless, permissionless, and completely accessible.
  • Ether is the currency and programmable value that runs Ethereum.
  • Bitcoin is currencies where Ethereum is a contract-based cryptocurrency.

Transactions are faster on the Ethereum network than on Bitcoin’s. On September 1st, 2017, the price of Bitcoin was around $4,600, while the price of Ethereum was around $385. As of September 1st, 2021, the price of Bitcoin was around $47,000, and the price of Ethereum was around $3,400.

Bitcoin vs. Ethereum: An Overview

Ether is also used to pay for services, like the computational power that is required before a block can be added to the blockchain and to pay transaction fees. Bitcoin and Ethereum are the two most popular types of cryptocurrency. They are both based on blockchain technology and have many similarities. However, there are also some significant differences between them. Bitcoin was launched in 2009 and is the first and most well-known cryptocurrency.

Q&A with Ian Moore, Chief Banking Officer: The digital assets space is here to stay

It remains anyone’s guess which cryptocurrency and blockchain will stand the test of time—perhaps they both will. But one thing is certain—both have induced much-needed discussions about financial systems worldwide. Bitcoin uses a consensus protocol called proof of work , which allows the network nodes to agree on the state of all information recorded and prevent certain types of attacks on the network.

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